BA - Bristol Street Directory 1871
Mathews' Bristol Street Directory 1871
1871 Backﬁelds, St. Paul’s
The 1828 plan of Bristol, shows the circular stables at Back Fields.The stables were the home of the first riding school in Bristol opened by R.C.Carter in 1761. This school consisted of circular stables around an open area or ampitheatre which is likely to have been used for training riders for Astley's 'circus'. It was also used for the public performance of equestrian tricks and is widely accepted as the originator of the modern circus.
In 1834 the circular stables had become Bristol's first circus and continued in use until being destroyed by fire in 1895. Archaeologists working on the site have established that structural remains of the stables survive below ground and these have been preserved beneath the new development on the site.
G. Bailey, engineer, etc.
Miss Emma Kerby, cork manufacture
George and James Phelps, maltsters
Henry B. Hurst, 8 Backfields
J . Norman Brown, builder
1871 Back Hill or Stile Lane (Old Park Hill)
Medical School area of the University of Bristol, Stile Lane and Vine Row
Charles C. Legge, Rock Cottage
Robert Shaw, 2 Old Park House
John Payne, Old Park House
George R. Cannington, Park cottage
Henry Hodder, gardener
J . Thomas
1871 Back Street
This street was renamed Queen Charlotte Street.
Susannah Summers, Windsor Castle (pub) bristolslostpubs.eu/page76.html
Samuel Atkinson, marine store
Fear Brothers, flour factors
William Gillett, gasfitter
William Barrett, marine store dealer
E. Ball, Old Duke (pub) ? can not find any record of this public house.
Jeptha Feltham, haulier
B. Bell, shopkeeper
Joseph & William Turner, warehousemen
W. Hassell, shopkeeper
Emily Curtis, grocer
Elizabeth Bradford, shopkeeper
Caroline Herbert, Kings Head (pub) bristolslostpubs.eu/page40.html
St. Nicholas National School
Adolphus Jenkins, shopkeeper
St. Dogmell's Arms
Timothy Sambrook, beer retailer St. Dogmell's Arms (pub) 1865 - 72 Timothy Sambrook / 1872 to 1875 Mary Ann Sambrook / 1876 Robert Cridland / 1877 - 78 W. Bosley previously named the Plume of Feathers. Timothy Sambrook was born in St.Dogmell’s, Pembrokeshire
Alexander Fraser, Morning Star (pub) 1861 - 65 Dennis Meehan / 1866 to 1868 R. Coombs / 1869 Jane Boles / 1871 - 72 Alexander Fraser / 1874 Peter Groves 1875 Richard Turner / 1876 to 1877 George Gardner / 1878 Frederick Ham.
Robert Genge, shopkeeper
George Stockham, Old Bell (pub) 1852 Mary Roberts / 1853 Thomas Stockholm / 1859 - 63 Mrs. Elizabeth Stockholm / 1866 - 74 George Stockholm 1875 to 1876 Elizabeth Stockholm / 1877 Walter Frost / 1878 Patrick Lucey.
Elizabeth Jones, fishmonger
William Charles Glasson
William Jones, newsvendor
Uriah Marshalsea, Stags Head (pub) 1847 - 48 Robert Pike / 1849 - 56 Thomas Birth / 1858 T. Skelton / 1863 - 65 Daniel Taylor / 1866 to 1868 H. Taylor 1869 - 77 Uriah Marshalsea.
Josiah Williams, hair dresser
Edward Grigg, Hop Pole (pub) 1806 Ann Wesson / 1822 - 23 Richard Briffett / 1826 James Cawthorn / 1828 E. Davis / 1830 - 32 Samuel Stephens 1833 to 1834 Elizabeth Stephens / 1835 to 1845 James Cantle / 1847 F. Harris / 1849 T. E. Wookey / 1850 George Ellis 1851 F. Burleton / 1853 William Welsh / 1854 William Mofey / 1855 - 56 Henry Lloyd / 1858 to 1860 T. E. Wookey 1861 to 1866 William Pobjoy / 1867 - 69 Eliza Pobjoy / 1871 - 78 Edward Grigg - Edward Grigg was a carpenter and innkeeper.
1871 Back Avon Walk, Temple Gate, near Temple Street
Back Avon Walk or Pipe Lane, is shown on 1828 Ashmead map, off Temple Gate. It was demolished when Victoria Street was built. A small part of the lane still exists now named Port Wall Lane East.
1871 Back or Welsh Back, Bristol Bridge to Grove
In olden times Welsh products arrived by private boats and were sold at the Goose Market building on the waterside. That was demolished in 1854. The word 'back' could have come from the Saxon word 'bak' which means river. The Llandoger Trow just off Welsh back also has an obvious Welsh connection with a Trow being a flat bottomed boat which was very common in the Bristol channel. Llandodo is a village on the Welsh side of the river Wye near to Chepstow.
1871 Back of Blackboy, Durdham Down
See Blackboy Hill
1871 Back Lane, Victoria Road, Bedminster
British School, Back Lane, Bedminster
For 130 boys and 130 girls in 1848., by 1854 150 boys and 110 girls, by 1861 250 boys and 250 girls.. In 1864 at the inspection by HM Waddington 98% of the children passed.
Some members of staff as listed in directories, etc:
Mr Kerry (Master), Miss Skinner (Mistress) 1848
Mr J T Turner (Master) 1854
Mr Cook (Master) 1861
In 1872 Richard Nation who had been a pupil teacher at the school gained a Queen's Scholarship 1st class at Borough Road College. He was presented with a writing desk by the teachers and scholars 'as a mark of esteem'. He later also became a Methodist preacher as well as a schoolmaster.
In March 1891 William J Bees, formerly scholar and pupil teacher here successfully passed 1st class London University matriculation examination.
1871 Back Hall Steps, Nicholas Street to Baldwin Street
St Nicholas Church Steps, The Back (the steps are still there today)
1871 Bailey’s Folly, or Bayley's Buildings, St. Philip’s Marsh
A row of cottages built & owned by Joseph Bailey 1851, of No. 5, Bailey's Folly, Saint Philip's Marsh, in the parish of Saint Philip and Jacob, in the city and county of Bristol, and of No. 11, Avon cottages, Saint Philip's Marsh. Joseph Bailey a Trow and Barge Owner, Waterman, Carrier, and Builder, and landlord letting unfurnished apartments.
1871 Baker’s Court, Great Ann Street, St Philips
See Great Ann Street
1871 Baker’s Court, Church Lane, Temple
off Church Lane, near Temple Church
1871 Baldwin Street, Bristol Bridge to Corn Street
Henry Poole, solicitor
Sidney Sprod and Son, auctioneers
Henry Hill, printer
John Wills, colonial broker
James Allen Jones, solicitor
F. V. Jacques, solicitor
J. B. Power, wood engraver
Danger & Cartwright, solicitors
W. Wise, solicitor
Parnell and Salt, solicitors
W. Buzzard & Co. colonial brokers
Jacob Curtis, brass founder
George Hodgson, wine merchant
Baldwin street hall, J. and R. Bush
C. Garton, Russell and Co. brewers
J. C. Hoek, printer
Taylor Bros., printers
Humphry Newman, beer retailer
Thomas Lang and Co. iron merchants
Weaver, Hampson & Co. wholesale grocers
Hassell and Cogan, leather factors
Tuckett and Rake, leather factors
William H. Bucknall, fishmonger
Hy. Regan, fish and fruit merchant
Thomas Davies & Co. leather factors
John Barry, fish and fruit merchant
Young’s Paraffin Light Co.
Johanna L. Karbowsky, Ship (pub)
William Herniman & Co., fishmongers and fruiterers
Walter Greenland, King's Arms (pub)
Richard Lander Williams, spirit dealer
Fry & Co. leather factors
John Barry, fishmonger
Cox & Co. leather factors & tanners
J. Bigwood, fish & fruit merchant
The Old Fish Market pub in Baldwin Street, left, was once home to Bigwood's fish retailer
Nath. Cook and Son, salt merchants
Lavington & Co. wine merchts
Charles Nichols & Co. leather merchants and boot manufacturers
Richard Jones, wine and spirit mercht
Simons and Co. wholesale druggists
Henry Edwards, wine merchant
Robert Oxley & Co. wine merchants
Rowley & Co. wine and spirit merchants
S. J. Kepple, glass merchant
Bessell and Sons, bookbinders
Edwin Byerley, carver and gilder
George Colston Hensley, shipwright
Berryman & Co. brewers - agent, E. C. Parsons
Mrs Stowell, twine dealer
Mary Murray, beer retailer
William Weeks, accountant
1871 Ballard’s Court, Great Ann Street, St. Philips
See Great Ann Street, St. Philips
1871 Balloon Court, Wilder Street, St. Paul's
Wilder Street - The land here was owned by a Peter Wilder and developed in the first half of the 18th century. In 1793 some cottages were built here and called Balloon Court to celebrate the first balloon flight by the Montgolfier brothers.
Built 1877. Bannerman Road was once known as St Mark's Lane. The school is undergoing massive rebuilding during 2000-1
1871 Baptist Place, Baptist Mills
See Baptist Mills
1871 Baptist Street, Baptist Mills
William Humphries, grocer
Henry William Capel, Augustus Place, Potters Arms (pub) 1848 - 53. Gowin Murray / 1855. P. Pincombe / 1857 - 60. Henry Bessell / 1863 - 65. Henry Ballard / 1871 - 74. Henry Capel
1875 - 76. Harriet Hughes / 1879. Charles Gardner / 1881 - 82. Joseph Nipper / 1882. Luke Barnes / 1883. Henry Gamlin
G. J. Merchant
John Clark, brick maker
1871 Barcroft Place, Old Market Street
1871 Barleyfields, Upper Cheese Lane, St. Philips
Upper Cheese Lane (now named New Kingsley Road) Barleyfields was the site of the iron works and later an council infants' school, in 1911 the master was W. E. Braund and the infants' mistress was Miss Hurford (now named Hannah More primary school)
Barley Fields was situated quite close to the Floating Harbour and a turn-of-the-century map shows school buildings situated in an open space between Upper Cheese Lane, Jubilee Street and Louisa Street. Opposite the school in Upper Cheese Lane were Hemp and Flax Mills and Iron Works.
1871 Barnabas Place, Ashley Road
See Ashley Road
1871 Barnabas Terrace, Ashley Road to City Road, Stokes Croft
William John Williams, upholsterer
Frederick Richard Sidway
Coach and Horses
Frederick Ogborn, Coach and Horses (pub)
Thomas Evans, shopkeeper
William Rocket Chapman
John Henry Paul
Abraham Seaton, school-stationer
James R. Daniels, accountant
Samuel 'Woodington, com-trav
1871 Barnard Place, Hillsbridge Parade, Clarence Road, Bedminster
See Clarence Road, Bedminster
1871 Barnet Place, Cumberland Basin
See Cumberland Basin
1871 Barnett’s Court, Lawrence Hill
See Lawrence Hill
1871 Barr’s Street, Milk Street to St. James Barton
Barr's Street (Lane until 1848) - Milk Street to St James's Barton - demolished and built over post-war for Broadmead Shopping Centre
Thomas Weeks, saddler
Mrs Thomas Weeks, furrier
Leodgare Meyer, garment manufacturers
John Lowe, basket maker
Robert Middleton, boot maker
Mardon, Son, and Hall, printers
Chard & Sons, corn & seeds
W. C. Pearce, watchmaker
James Willey, timber yard
James Collins, jeweller
Hall & Pedder, lamp manufacters
Charles Fisher, wine & spirit merchant
Milton, Morton, and Curnow, provision dealers
F. Cordeaux, carpet warehouse
James Cottrell, saddler
Charles T. Evans, trunk maker
William Cottrell, china warehouse
William Cottrell, ladder maker
Robert Way, greengrocer
Richard Cowle, White Horse (pub) On the corner with the Barrs Street, across the road from the Plume of Feathers, in 1953 Barrs Street was closed and The White Horse pulled down, the whole area is now covered by Debenhams department store. The hotel is shown here awaiting demolition.
1871 Barrington Villas, Alma Road, Clifton
See Alma Road
1871 Barrosa Place, Guinea Street
See Guinea Street
1871 Barrow Court, Wade Street, St. Philips
See Wade Street
1871 Barrow Lane, Barton Hill
See Barton Hill
1871 Barrows Lane, Redcliff Street
See Redcliff Street
1871 Bartlett Buildings, Redcliff Street
See Redcliff Street
1871 Bartley Street, Philips Street, Bedminster
See Philips Street
1871 Bartlett’s Lane, West Street, Bedminster
See West Street, Bedminster
Barton Alley - widened in 1860s and became Bond Street
1850 Barton Court, St Philips
corner of Union Road and Barton Road
1871 Barton Court, Barton Street, St James Barton
See Barton Street, St James Barton
1850 Barton Street, St Philips
now Barton Vale
1871 Barton, Street. James’s churchyard, North Street
See North Street
1871 Barton Street, St James Barton to Charles Street
Barton Warehouses, Corner of St James Barton and Barrs Street (Department Store)
General drapers and house furnishers, this was a very large store. Among items sold were flannelettes and underclothing, carpet squares, umbrellas, jackets and capes, ribbons and braids. floorcloth, corsets, tea cosies and dressing gowns. Blitzed 1940.
1871 Barton Hill, St. Philips Marsh to St. Georges
William Edward Day, physician and surgeon, Barton hill house
Rev. J. W. Lewis, St Luke's parsonage
William Hooper, vict, Royal Table (pub) Barton Hill Road. bristolslostpubs.eu/page124.html
William Hurst, grocer
R. B. Edgeworth, Barton villa
George Hazell, senr. market gardener
T. Church, jun. -
J. Warren, beer retailer
Thomas Church, crucible maker and beer retailer (pub), Rhubarb Tavern, Queen Ann Road. 1861 - 89. Thomas Church / 1891 - 92. Joshua Eccleston / 1894 - 97. Joseph Eccleston / 1899. Capt.William Janes 1901. Joseph W. Janes / 1904 - 06. David Evans / 1914. Jenkin Jones / 1917 - 31. Catherine Evans / 1935 - 38. Henry Whitfield 1944. Charles Moore / 1950. William Davey / 1953. Thomas Greenslade / 1960. W. H. Bullock.
Francis Hurd, coal merchant
Alfred Niblett Brown, china-ware manufacturer
Great Western Cotton Works, Limited - managing Director, Charles F. Sage
Bayley and Fox, timber merchants and contractors
George Tinn, Bristol Iron rolling mills
Chandler & Tanner, maltsters
John Lysaght, corrugated iron works
F. Hamilton, coal agent
1871 Barton Hill Road, Barton Hill
See Barton Hill
1871 Barton Road, Kingsland Road to Cook’s Lane, St. Philips
David Warr, grocer & cabinet maker
Hannah Flock, baker
Duke of York
Elijah Trotman, Duke of York (pub) Dings. 1828. Thomas Norton / 1830 - 44. Joseph Matthias / 1847 - 49. James Bush / 1852 - 58. William P. Bullock / 1860. E. Bullock 1863 - 68. Frederick Giles / 1869. L. Griffiths / 1871. Elijah Trotman / 1872 to 1876. William Rymer / 1877 - 79. Edwin Hallett 1881 - 97. John Westcott / 1899 - 1906. William Tye / 1909. D. Woodman / 1914. Louisa Froom / 1917. Edward Hale 1921 - 25. Arthur Williams / 1928 - 37. Thomas Oaten / 1938 - 44. Edwin Webb / 1950 - 53. Clifford Godfrey / 1975. E. Haines. Now named the Barley Mow.
Joseph Curtis, general dealer
Uriah Hill, blacksmith and wheel-wright
John Williams, haulier & beer ret.
William Shipp, vict, Trout (pub) Cook’s Lane, Barton Road. 1832 - 34. Thomas Nash / 1853 - 69. John Summers / 1871 - 83. William Shipp / 1885. Edward John Shipp / 1886 - 87. Mary Reynolds 1888 - 1901. William Shipp.
Jewish Burial Ground
The Barton Road Cemetery in St. Philips is believed to be the first in Bristol following the return of Jews to England after the expulsion. There is documentary evidence to suggest that it was first established between 1740 - 1750. (The earliest identified tombstone dates from 1762). Because of the restrictions on Jews owning land it was leased for a number of years, finally being acquired by the Bristol Jewish Community on 8th August 1859. It continued in use until the early 1900s with the final burial taking place there in 1944. A fire in an adjoining building in 1901 resulted in one the Cemetery walls being demolished by firemen to gain access to the blazing building. As a consequence, a number of tombstones were toppled and graves flattened. The stones were subsequently removed from where they had fallen and laid against the boundary wall without any record of their original location.
James Bendon, beer retailer (pub) New Inn. 1842. George Bull / 1867. James Bendon / 1872 - 78. James Courtney / 1882 - 88. William Comer / 1889. Albert Deacon 1891 - 96. Mary Ann Emma Smart / 1899. Arthur Harold / 1901 - 09. Sarah Ann Sheppard / 1914 - 44. Alfred Hall / 1950. John Baker 1953. William Denford.
M. A. Bryant
1871 Barton Street, St. James Barton
Coach & Horses
Frederick Ogborn, Coach & Horses (pub) 1840 - 44 James Burrows / 1847 J. Evans / 1849 - 67 Thomas Evans / 1868 - 71 Frederick Ogborn / 1872 to 1882 Thomas Farrow 1883 Robert Kendall / 1885 Frederick Hollisey / 1886 William Bamber / 1887 to 1888 Frederick Oxland / 1891 - 93 John Lewton 1896 George Whitlock / 1897 Emma Mary Matthews / 1899 - 1917 Harriett Pyke.
Thomas Evans, shopkeeper
F. Vickery, greengrocer
George Griffiths, bootmaker
Thomas Clark, Lion (pub) 1866 - 78 Thomas Clark / 1879 Ann Clark / 1882 - 89 Henry Rich / 1891 Ann Rich / 1892 - 97 Thomas Cook 1899 - 1901 William Thyer.
Thomas Garland, bootmaker
James Clement, Star (pub) 1854 - 56 John Stacey / 1857 - 58 John Rawlings / 1860 - 69 James Clements / 1871 Amos Tamlyn / 1872 to 1876 John Lewis 1877 Caroline Churchus / 1878 to 1882 John Taylor / 1883 to 1886 John Fidkins / 1887 John Fuge / 1888 - 96 John Hickery 1899 William Turner / 1901 Mrs. M. Davies / 1904 Alfred Morse.
?. Clark, shopkeeper
Alfred Iles, maltster
David Cotter, haulier and grocer
Amos Tamlyn, Star (see above)
Derham Bros. wholesale shoe manufrs. In 1861, Derham Brothers, wholesale & export boot and shoe manufacturers, were still at 5 & 6 Nelson Street with a manufactory at Barton Street, St James, Bristol.
Derham's business was started by James and Samuel Derham in the 1830's or 1840's, and was among the first to make ready-made footwear. The company moved to Soundwell in 1906 after the earlier factory was destroyed by fire.
1871 Barton Place, Union Road, Dings
See Union Road
1871 Barton Vale, Barton Road, Dings
See Barton Road, Dings
1871 Batch, (the) Old Market to Midland Road, St Philips
Stephen Machin, rag merchant, Vine cottage
Live and Let Live
Caroline Fudge, Live and Let Live, vict (pub) 1861 - 63. John Fudge / 1865 - 85. Caroline Fudge / 1886 - 96. Henry Fudge / 1897 - 1901. Frederick Westlake 1904. Frederick Welsford / 1906. Violet Petheram
H. J . Fudge, saddler and harness maker
George W. H. Morse, beer retailer Volunteer (pub) 1863. John Shorland / 1865. Joseph Mecham / 1867. S. Hosegood / 1869. Alfred Reeves / 1871 - 72. George Morse 1874 - 75. Peregrini Thomas / 1876 - 78. C. Woolridge / 1881 - 82. Edwin Hazell / 1883. Charles Foxwell / 1885. Eleanor Foxwell 1886 to 1891. Levi Wood / 1892. Albert Wakefield / 1896. Frederick Dawes / 1899 - 1901. Edwin Jones / 1904. F. Holmes
Mary Ann Monk, pawnbroker
Joseph Pritchard, butcher
Henry Cuff, tobacconist
Esau Tidman, grocer, etc.
Henry Cuff, hay and straw dealer
J . Williams and Son, outfitters
Josiah Purle, beer retailer
S. Thompson, beer retailer
Mary Ann Haigh, marine stores dealer
J . Cooligan, shopkeeper
Crowley & Co. branch office
1871 Batch Buildings, Lawrence Hlll
See Lawrence Hlll
1871 Bateman Buildings, Whitehouse Street, Bedminster
Thomas Vear, nail manufacturer
Walter Taylor, nail manufacturer
1871 Bath Buildings, Cheltenham road to Reinison’s Baths
Thomas Stevens Power
William Birth, com-trav
Mrs Martha Sidway
William Holloway, baker, etc
Prince of Wales
Chas. Skinner, Prince of Wales, vict (pub)
George Lewis, boot maker
1871 Bath Parade, Temple Gate, near Railway Station
See Temple Gate
1871 Bath Road, Bath Bridge to Brislington
Hare’s oil and color works
New Cattle Market Tavern
Maria Hathway, New Cattle Market Tavern (pub) 1851 - 63. William Jones / 1865. Elizabeth Jones / 1868 - 81. Maria Hathway / 1882 - 83. James Percy / 1885. Nicholas Small 1888 - 92. John Vickery / 1896 William Sheppard / 1897 - 1904. Richard Adams / 1906. William Bryant / 1909. Elizabeth Bailey 1914. James Connick / 1921. William Evans / 1928 - 38. Elsie Lidbury / 1944. Albert Moxham / 1950 - 53. Sidney Stephens later known as the Bath Bridge Tavern.
Exeter Railway Tavern
Felix Davis, Exeter Railway Tavern (pub) 1851. Richard Parish / 1853. James Parish / 1861 - 65. Richard Parish / 1867. Elizabeth Parish / 1869. William Salvidge 1871 - 74. Felix Davies / 1875. S. C. Chapman / 1876 - 85. Felix Davies / 1887 - 92. Emily Jane Davies / 1896. Felix Davies jnr1899 - 1901. Blanche Davies / 1904 - 09. Thomas Sutton / 1914 - 21. Edward Gimblett / 1925 - 28. Frederick Thorne 1931 - 35. Frederick Dodge / 1937 - 38. Arthur Pollett / 1944 - 50. Albert Ball / 1951 - 53. Arthur Waspe.
Bristol & Exeter Goods Station
Bristol and Exeter engine works
James Pearson, Avon Clift house
Mrs William Blackmore, Avon villa
Chagles Burgess, Bath villa
Thomas Bax, Avon cottage
W. Patey, Heber cottage
Joseph Vowles, Avon house
Thomas Harris, Prospect house
John Tovey, painter, etc
Peter A. Knowles, house agent
Samuel Wooles, Stow house
Frederick Whitehorn, stay maker
Edwin Churchus, Totterdown cottage
Thomas Wooles, Blue Bowl (pub) 1816. Jacob Naish / 1851. Harriett Wooles / 1853 - 57. Samuel Wooles / 1859 - 60. Charles Norris / 1863 - 71. Thomas Wooles 1872 to 1878. Alexander M. Gordon / 1879 - 88. Thomas Morgan / 1893. Albert Smith Densham / 1896 - 1906. William Vosper jnr 1909. George Charley / 1914 - 21. Charles Featherstone / 1925. Harry Miller / 1928 - 60. George Brett.
Greenway’s Stone cutting yard
Francis George Irwin
Richard Pope, engineer
Charles Williain Gregory
E. Lyons, watch maker
Alfred John Smith
Walter Bassett, com-trav
Charles H. Johnson
James Cross Pope, engineer
William Brent Coombs, com-trav
Mrs S. Farler
Mrs M. A Cooke
Arthur James Christmas
John Owens, grocer
John Rowland Jones
Edwin Smith, stone cutter
Smith's stone cutting yard
T. D. Foxwell, coal merchant, Totterdown wharf
S. E. Smith’s stone cutting yard
Bath Road Hotel
George A. Keighley, Bath Road Hotel (pub) bristolslostpubs.eu/page97.html
John A. Summers
Jas. Parfitt, Turnpike Inn (pub) 1869. J. Summers / 1871 - 83. James Parfitt / 1885. F. J. Frappell / 1888 - 1906. Robert Horwill / 1909 - 14. Henry Iles 1917. Alice Iles / 1928 - 31. Marion Jayne / 1935 - 38. Sidney Scott / 1940 - 44. Charles Bertie Lacey / 1950 - 62. Herbert Pegler Charles Lacey’s tenancy commenced on the 4th March 1940 at an annual rent of £60, the landlords were The Bristol Brewery Georges & Co. Limited
Thomas Davy, Hillside house
Abraham Granter, Prospect place
John Welsh, shopkeeper, Devonshire house provision merchants
William Shapland, carpenter
Francis Hellier, beer retailer
Mrs Hember, Campbell house
Josh Bullock, Clyde house
H. Wood, Arley house
James Kinghorn, Havelock house
George P. Bissicks
F. Richards, grocer
Sydney Clutterbuck, Ebenezer villa
Harry Tuckett, Tenby villa
William Elphiek, Sydenhain villa
Thomas Baker, Bath house
George Adams, butcher
Charles Iles, New Inn (pub) bristolslostpubs.eu/page101.html
Thomas Bryant, boot & shoe maker
George Iles, baker and coiifectioner
John Warley, fruiterer
Clark and Harrison, rope and sacking makers
William Norris, builder & undertaker
Wickham Bros. and Norris, timber merchants.
1871 Bath Street, Bristol Bridge to Temple Street
Talbot Inn & London Inn
C. Nunney, Talbot Inn & London Inn (pub) 1806. Thomas Holloway / 1820 - 31. James Clifton / 1833 - 37. Nancy Clifton / 1839 - 40. Edward Thatcher / 1842 - 48. Joanna Fry 1851 - 61. Michael Batt (proprietor) / 1863 - 65. Henry Weaving / 1868 - 69. Robert Comer / 1871 - 75. James Collins 1877. Miss Linfield (manageress) / 1878. T. C. Stock / 1881 - 96. James Reynolds / 1899 - 1917. Grenville Flower.
William Arter, watch maker & jeweller
John Frost, tailor
George G. Cook, hair dresser
Platnauer Bros., clock importers
John Dix, & Co. plate glass manufacturers
Mrs Reed, toy and general dealer
Moses Blanckensee, Birmingham warehouse
Rowland A. Hughes, hat manufactuer
Waggon & Horses
James Beames, Waggon & Horses (pub) (Counterslip North) 1839 - 49. Isaac Ellis / 1851 - 61. William Pople / 1863. Thomas Withy / 1865. William Pople / 1866 - 89. James Beames 1891 - 96. Ellen Adams / 1899 - 1909. Arthur Adams / 1914 - 21. William Adams / 1925 - 37. Frederick Churchill 1938. Mabel Edith Churchill / 1944. H. Hampton / 1950. Albert Boyce / 1953. Albert Young.
Joseph Phillips, smith and gas-fitter
Arthur Butt, Birmingham warehouse
Michael Franks, jeweller, etc
Frank Evans Fear, Crystal Palace (pub) 1861 - 63. John Matthews / 1865 - 68. Matthew Hale / 1869. Mary Loader / 1871. Frank Evans Fear / 1872. Alfred Holder 1874. William Watts / 1875 to 1878. Annie Watts / 1879. William Luxton / 1881 - 84. Louisa Haves / 1883. Edwin Sellick 1884. Henry Manning / 1885 to 1886. Charles Edgell / 1887 to 1888. Samuel Warren / 1889. William Evans / 1891. Henry Frollett 1892. William Griffiths / 1893. William Braithwaite / 1896 - 99. George Pearce / 1900. Joseph Gully / 1901. Thomas Lucas Drake 1904. Henry Bush / 1906. Alice Young.
Georges & Co., brewers
Joseph Eyre & Co. tea merchants
John Kimble, hat and bonnet maker
Edwin Vaughan, watch maker
William Coombs, bookseller
Nicholls & West, sewing machine manufacturers
John Riseley, porter stores
F & R Deacon & Deacon, hat manufactuers
William George, second-hand bookseller
1871 Bathurst Basin, New Cut
See New Cut
1871 Bathurst Parade, Cumberland Road, Bathurst Basin
James Hill, tea and coffee shop
Steam Packet Tavern
James Morrell, Steam Packet Tavern (pub) 1855 - 63 William George / 1865 - 83 James Morrell / 1887 Samuel Stowe / 1891 - 93 George Labdon / 1896 - 1901 Henry Wilde 1904 - 14 Henry Nichols / 1917 - 21 Ernest Nichols / 1925 - 28 Arthur Watts / 1931 William Cleminson / 1935 - 44 Henry Seal 1950 - 53. Lillian Withy the steam Packet is now a private residence.
Charles Brown, mariner
Samuel Osborne, contractor
Robert J. Barrett, steam packet agent
Alfred Jones, sacrist of St. Raphael’s
James Bryant, mariner
1871 Bathurst Terrace, Wapping
William Hird Granite works
Charles Salmon, com-trav
John Saunders, Bathurst Hotel (pub) bristolslostpubs.eu/page145.html
1871 Baynton Buildings, Ashton Gate to Long Ashton
See Ashton Gate
BE - Bristol Street Directory 1871
Statue of Sturt, Department of Lands building, Bridge St, Sydney.
Each facade has 12 niches whose sculpted occupants include explorers and legislators who made a major contribution to the opening up and settlement of the nation. Although 48 men were nominated by the architect, Barnet, as being suitable subjects, most were rejected as being 'hunters or excursionists'. Only 23 statues were commissioned, the last being added in 1901 leaving 25 niches unfilled (Devine, 2011). In Nov 2010- a new statue of colonial surveyor James Meehan (1774-1826) was created and placed in an empty niche on cnr. Loftus/Bent Streets.
Sturt, Charles (1795–1869)
by H. J. Gibbney
This article was published in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 2, (MUP), 1967
Charles Sturt (1795-1869), explorer, soldier and public servant, was born on 28 April 1795 in India, eldest of eight sons and one of thirteen children of Thomas Lenox Napier Sturt, a judge in Bengal under the East India Co. Although his Sturt and Napier ancestors were both Dorsetshire families of some standing, his father had reached India too late to share in the golden harvest reaped by many early officials and his life is described by Sturt's biographer as '45 years of clouded fortunes'.
Charles was sent at 5 to relations in England and at 15 entered Harrow. His father's economic difficulties prevented his entry to Cambridge and in 1813 he procured, through the intercession of his aunt with the Prince Regent, a commission as ensign in the 39th Regiment. He served in the Pyrenees late in the Peninsular war, fought against the Americans in Canada and returned to Europe a few days after Waterloo. He spent the next three years with the army of occupation in France and in 1818 was sent with his regiment to Ireland on garrison duties. On 7 April 1823 he was gazetted lieutenant and promoted captain on 15 December 1825. In December 1826 after a brief sojourn in England he embarked with a detachment of his regiment in the Mariner in charge of convicts for New South Wales and arrived at Sydney on 23 May 1827. In Sydney the two main subjects of discussion among intelligent people were politics and the mysteries of Australian geography. The savagely personal nature of local politics did not attract Sturt but the great unknown did. John Oxley and Allan Cunningham had charted a series of rivers, their courses directed towards the centre of the continent; the inference was that an inland sea lay beyond the horizon. Sturt and others longed for the honour of discovering it.
Soon after his arrival Sturt was appointed military secretary to the governor and major of brigade to the garrison. With these offices he could have taken an active part in politics, but preferred to interest himself in exploration and by November 1827 was able to write to his cousin, Isaac Wood, that the governor had agreed to his leading an expedition into the interior. Because (Sir) Ralph Darling had few officers on whom he felt that he could rely, he did not formally authorize the expedition for nearly twelve months. Meanwhile Sturt had, perhaps naively, discussed the proposal with the newly-appointed surveyor-general, (Sir) Thomas Mitchell, who felt that he had been slighted, and argued with some justice that Sturt, who had no qualifications, was being pushed by influence into a task which offered the prospect of honour, and which was his ex officio. Darling rejected this contention out of hand and Sturt acquired a lifelong enemy in Mitchell.
On 4 November 1828 Sturt received approval to proceed with his proposal to trace the course of the Macquarie River. Prudently he selected as his assistant the native-born Hamilton Hume, who had already shared leadership of a major expedition to the south coast. With three soldiers and eight convicts Sturt left Sydney on 10 November. Hume joined them at Bathurst and, after collecting equipment from the government station at Wellington Valley, they moved on 7 December to what became virtually the base camp at Mount Harris. On 22 December the expedition started down the Macquarie through country blasted by drought and searing heat. Having unsuccessfully tried to use a light boat, on 31 December Sturt and Hume began independent reconnaissances in which Hume established the limits of the Macquarie marshes and Sturt examined the country across the Bogan River. They then proceeded north along the Bogan and on 2 February came suddenly on 'a noble river' flowing to the west; Sturt named it the Darling. Unhappily its waters were undrinkable at that point because of salt springs. They followed the Darling downstream until 9 February, then returned to Mount Harris and from there traced the Castlereagh northward until it too joined the Darling. They then returned to Wellington Valley down the eastern side of the Macquarie marshes, having sketched in the main outlines of the northern river system and discovered the previously unknown Darling River. The expedition, however, had discovered no extensive good country. Although Sturt was ill on his return to Sydney he was scrupulous in recommending the convicts in his party for such indulgences as the colonial government could grant. Darling granted some remissions of sentence and in his dispatches commended Sturt's patience and zeal.
The Darling River had offered a new challenge and Sturt soon sought permission to lead another expedition to trace the Darling to its assumed outlet in the inland sea. However, it was decided instead that he should investigate the Lachlan-Murrumbidgee river system discovered by Oxley and proceed to the Darling only if the Murrumbidgee proved impassable.
On 3 November 1829 the second expedition left Sydney. In Sturt's party were George Macleay, son of the colonial secretary, Harris, Hopkinson, Fraser and Clayton, who had all been in his first expedition, and several soldiers and convicts. They moved through country which was partly settled until 28 November when they left Warby's station near Gundagai which was then the limit of settlement and set off into the unknown country. After many crossings of the Murrumbidgee to find suitable tracks for the drays they moved down the north bank of the river and on Christmas Day arrived at its junction with the Lachlan. There difficult marshes raised the question whether they should follow the governor's instructions or go to the Darling. Since the Murrumbidgee was still fairly clear Sturt decided to use the whale-boat which he had brought with him and to build a small skiff from local timber. On 7 January 1830 he set out with seven men in the two boats on the Murrumbidgee.
Apart from the complete loss of the skiff soon after embarkation the journey was uneventful until 14 January when the rapid current of the Murrumbidgee carried them to a 'broad and noble river' which Sturt later named in honour of Sir George Murray, secretary of state for the colonies. Further down the Murray they had two threatening encounters with Aboriginals, and on 23 January came to a new large stream flowing in from the north. After rowing up it for a few miles Sturt was convinced that it was the Darling and returned to the Murray. An uneventful voyage brought them on 9 February to Lake Alexandrina whence they walked over the sandhills to the southern coast. They reached the channel where the lake entered the sea but were dismayed to find it impracticable for shipping. Depressed by failing to find either an effective inland waterway or the ship which Darling had promised to send from Sydney, Sturt now faced the appalling prospect of rowing more than 900 miles (1448 km) against a strong current with his weary men and certain food shortage. They began the return journey on 12 February and on 23 March arrived at the Murrumbidgee depot only to find it deserted by the base party which had been left there. The starving crew struggled on until 11 April when Sturt abandoned the boat and sent two men to seek the relief party which he believed to be near. A week later the two men returned with supplies and the revived expedition reached Sydney safely on 25 May.
Although an interim dispatch carried by Macleay in advance of the main party had been published in the Sydney Gazette Darling did not report to England on the expedition until February 1831. Meanwhile Sturt, after a short illness, had been sent to Norfolk Island as commandant of the garrison. There he took part in the rescue of the occupants of a wrecked boat and, though active in quelling a convict mutiny, had nevertheless earned the respect even of the mutineers for his generally humane outlook. In July he was relieved by F. C. Crotty, captain in the 39th Regiment.
Sturt's return to Sydney was delayed by illness until October; already there had been proposals to send him to New Zealand as Resident or on another journey to the Darling, but his health was so bad that he was immediately granted leave to go to England. On the voyage his eyesight, which had been failing, broke down completely leaving him totally blind. While undergoing crude but moderately successful treatment for his condition he published an account of his two journeys and after many petitions to the Colonial Office was promised a grant of 5000 acres (2024 ha) in New South Wales on condition that he sold his commission and renounced all other rights arising from his military service. On 20 September 1834 he married Charlotte Greene, the daughter of an old family friend.
Sturt sailed with his wife and arrived at Sydney in mid-1835. With intentions of settling down to country life he located his grant at Ginninderra (near Canberra) in June and in August bought 1950 acres (789 ha) at Mittagong, where he lived for two years. In this time he was appointed a justice of the peace, became a passive member of the governing body of the Australian Museum, was recommended unsuccessfully for appointment to the Legislative Council, and christened his first child Napier George. Early in 1837 he bought 1000 acres (405 ha) at Varroville between Liverpool and Campbelltown, where he soon established another home.
In 1838 financial difficulties forced him to sell his Mittagong property and induced him to join in a venture for overlanding cattle to South Australia. Although in the process he was able to add something to knowledge of the Murray River, the journey almost ended in disaster. Breeding cows in the herd delayed the party and it ran short of supplies and had to be rescued by his friend, Edward John Eyre. The venture was also a financial failure. Sturt was greeted in Adelaide by flattering attention which brought balm to his pride injured by recent failures. Incautiously he became associated with an attempted land transaction which some colonists thought was questionable. On 30 October he returned to Sydney to learn of the birth of his second son, Charles.
In Adelaide he had been invited to join the South Australian public service and on 8 November 1838 was formally offered the position of surveyor-general. Despite his lack of technical qualifications and some doubts about Governor George Gawler's power to make the appointment, he accepted, sold his property in New South Wales and sailed with his family for Adelaide on 27 February 1839. In spite of sickness and continuing financial worries all seemed to go well. The first shattering blow came in September when Lieutenant Edward Frome arrived from London with a commission as surveyor-general. Gawler, in a loyal attempt to help Sturt, appointed him assistant commissioner of lands, though at a reduced salary. In November he and his wife joined Gawler in what was intended to be a short excursion up the Murray valley. On his expedition a young man lost his life and the governor was placed in serious danger. Although Sturt was not responsible the tragedy affected him deeply.
In 1841 Sturt was offered the resident management of the South Australian Co., but refused. Soon afterwards he committed what was probably the most serious error of judgment in his life: when news arrived that Captain George Grey was to replace Gawler as governor, Sturt wrote to the Colonial Office complaining of Grey's youth and offering himself as an alternative candidate for vice-regal office. Grey, who could not tolerate opposition, never forgave him this clumsy affront.
From that time Sturt's affairs worsened. Grey confirmed his provisional appointment as assistant commissioner, but later refused him the office of colonial secretary on the grounds that his sight was too poor. The Colonial Office then decided to abolish the assistant commissionership, leaving Sturt with the inferior post of registrar-general at a much lower salary. To a man of Sturt's temperament the situation was now intolerable. He was at loggerheads with the governor, deeply in debt, inadequately paid, and could see no hope of improving his prospects. He petitioned the Colonial Office for financial compensation or transfer to another colony. When refused, he decided that the only course left to him was to establish by some bold stroke a claim on the government for special consideration. His best chance of doing this was in exploration and, since he still believed in the existence of an inland sea, he prepared a grandiose plan for exploring and surveying, within two years, the entire unknown interior of the continent, and in 1843 forwarded it to the Colonial Office through his old friend, Sir Ralph Darling. While waiting for a reply he and Grey had a series of minor clashes which culminated in Sturt's censure by the Executive Council for an incautious letter. In May 1844 the secretary of state rejected Sturt's original plan but approved a more limited proposal to penetrate the centre of the continent in an attempt to establish the existence of a mountain range near latitude 28°S.
On 10 August 1844 Sturt left Adelaide with 15 men, 6 drays, a boat and 200 sheep. In eight days the party reached Moorundie and then followed the Murray River to its junction with the Darling, and up the Darling to the vicinity of Lake Cawndilla, where they camped for two months making several scouting expeditions into and beyond the Barrier Range. In December the party was short of water and some of the men showed signs of scurvy but they moved further north into the Grey Range. There they made a camp on permanent water fortunately found at Depot Glen on Preservation Creek. By that time summer heat had dried up all other water within reach and from 27 January 1845 to 16 July they were literally trapped in inhospitable country; men and equipment suffered terribly from the heat and Sturt's second-in-command, James Poole, died of scurvy.
In July they were released by heavy rain. Sturt moved his party in a north-westerly direction to Fort Grey, whence he made a series of reconnoitring expeditions culminating in a 450-mile (724 km) journey towards the centre of the continent. Repulsed by the sand dunes of the Simpson desert he at last reluctantly abandoned the idea of an inland sea.
Sturt and his party returned exhausted to Fort Grey and after another trip to the Cooper's Creek area from 9 October to 17 November they found the waterhole was rapidly drying. Return to the River Murray became imperative but nevertheless Sturt proposed that the main party should go home, while he and John McDouall Stuart made a do-or-die trip towards the centre. The surgeon, J. H. Browne, resisted so strongly that these heroics were dropped and the whole party went off together. At this point Sturt then succumbed to a serious attack of scurvy and Browne took command through the most difficult part of the journey. By using Aboriginal foods Sturt had almost recovered when the expedition reached Moorundie on 15 January. He arrived at Adelaide on 19 January 1846 ahead of his party, which followed a few days later.
In his absence Grey had been replaced by Major Robe and Sturt had been appointed colonial treasurer. His position was now more comfortable and early in 1847 he applied for leave. He left for England on 8 May and arrived in London just too late to receive personally the gold medal of the Royal Geographical Society, but was able to complete a published account of the expedition. On his return to Adelaide in August 1849 he was soon appointed colonial secretary but unfortunately his sight began to fail and at the end of 1851 he retired on a pension of £600.
Sturt had often expressed his love for Australia and his determination never to return to England, but the need to secure the future of his children forced him to change his mind and he left Australia on 19 March 1853. He spent his last years peacefully at Cheltenham, being widely respected and continually consulted about Australian affairs, particularly the preparations for the North Australian expedition of 1854. He applied unsuccessfully for the governorship of Victoria in 1855 and of Queensland in 1858. In 1869 at the instigation of his friends he sought a knighthood, but died on 16 June before the formalities were completed. Later the Queen permitted his widow to use the title Lady Sturt. He was pursued to the end by financial difficulties and it was said that had his old friend George Macleay not come forward, there would not have been enough in his estate for a decent burial.
Although Sturt probably entered his career as an explorer through influence, his selection was justified by results. He was a careful and accurate observer and an intelligent interpreter of what he saw, and it was unfortunate that much of his work revealed nothing but desolation. He prided himself with some justice on his impeccable treatment of the Aboriginals, and earned the respect and liking of his men by his courtesy and care for their well-being. Indeed his capacity for arousing and retaining affection was remarkable; it made him an ideal family man but a failure in public life. Without toughness and egocentricity to balance his poor judgment and business capacity he had little chance of success in colonial politics. In this sphere he might well be described as a born loser. He remained throughout his life an English Tory gentleman with an unshakeable faith in God. Despite his passionate interest in Australia, his inability to appreciate the attitudes of the colonial community was shown by his proposal in 1858 for a colony of Asiatic convicts in the north. He will always be remembered, however, as the first to chart the Murray River.